Artichoke’s botanical name, Cynara scolymus, is derived from the Latin canina that means canine and the Greek skolymos means thistle. Its English name is derived from the Arabic al-khurshuf that also means thistle that became articiocco in Italian, and finally artichoke.

Though mankind has been consuming artichokes for more than 3000 years, the fall of Rome doused the artichokes in obscurity till its revival in Italy the mid-fifteenth century. It is said that Catherine de Médici, who was married to King Henry-Second of France at the very young age of 14, is accredited with bringing the artichokes from her native Italy to France and whence its success was like a blink of an eye.

Further about its history, the artichokes quickly made their path to Britain and as a sequel; the term artichoke first came out in written English records in the fifteenth century. It then got its way to America through French and Italian exporters. Today, this is available worldwide. However, storing of this is to be in a particular way. Fresh artichokes are to be put in a plastic bag, unwashed, and into refrigerators to store. It is better to use them within four days of purchase.

Artichokes are nutritious and they have macro and micro nutrients. Some of the important are mentioned below:-

Macronutrients in Artichokes:

Water: 108.72 g
Calories: 60
Protein: 4.19 g
Carbohydrates: 13.45 g
Fiber: 6.9 g
Total Fat: 0.19 g
Saturated Fat: 0.046 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.006 g
Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.082 g
Cholesterol: 0 mg

Micronutrients in Artichokes:

Calcium: 56 mg
Iron: 1.64 mg
Magnesium: 77 mg
Phosphorus: 115 mg
Potassium: 474 mg
Sodium: 120 mg
Zinc: 0.63 mg
Vitamin C: 15 mg
Thiamin: 0.092 mg
Riboflavin: 0.084 mg
Niacin: 1.339 mg
Pantothenic Acid: 0.433 mg
Vitamin B6: 0.148 mcg
Vitamin B12: 0 mcg
Folate: 87 mcg
Vitamin A: 227 IU
Vitamin E: 0.24 mg
Vitamin K: 18.9 mcg


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