Bleeding during pregnancy could be alarming, but it need not be always miscarriage – losing pregnancy in its early stage. About 50 per cent of the women who bleed don’t have miscarriages. If the problem is with pregnancy, fetal death generally results in the passage of tissues, and the pregnancy terminates. Miscarriage can happen any time during the 1st half of pregnancy, but commonly it occurs during the first 12 weeks. At least 20 per cent of all pregnancies unfortunately result in miscarriage.
If the pregnant woman has vaginal bleeding, has cramp like pain those are felt low in the abdomen, or pass tissues from the vagina, there are chances of miscarriage. Many women who suffer from vaginal bleeding have little or no cramps. Sometimes the bleeding will stop and pregnancy will go on. At other times the bleedings and cramps continue, become more intense, and miscarriage happens. This pain is generally stronger as compared to menstrual cramping.
If there is any doubt that the lady has had a miscarriage, she should bring tissues she has passed to the health care professional’s office so that they can be examined carefully. If she has had a miscarriage but some tissues remain in the uterus, bleeding gets continued. If this is the case, the tissues might be removed by some surgical procedure known as dilation and curettage (D&C). This might involve dilating, or widening, the mouth of the uterus (called cervix) and cautiously scraping tissues away from the lining of the uterus (called as the endometrium). The tissues also might be removed by suctioning known as suction curettage.
Most of the miscarriages, unfortunately, cannot be prevented since they are often the nature’s way to deal with a pregnancy that is not getting normally. Generally, having a miscarriage does not mean that the woman will not have any more children or that anything is badly wrong with overall health. Moreover, there is no evidence that physical activity or sexual acts during pregnancy bring miscarriage. If the woman has two or three miscarriages in a row, nevertheless, the health care professional might suggest that some tests are to be carried out to look for possible causes.