Dehydration relates to the loss of water along with certain other important body salts. It is a common phenomenon among sick children, but extreme care should be taken in the case of newborns and infants. In most cases, the dehydrated child will return back to the normal state as soon as the body fluids are replaced.
Water plays an extremely important role in our daily life. Apart from being the basis for all body fluids it also helps in the absorption of various nutrients. Waste elimination is yet another important role played by water.
Inadequate drinking of water will read to dehydration. The body will demand increased supply of water when it is being strained. Children are well-known for their restless nature and due to this reason their body will require more and more water. When a child is engaged in vigorous activities such as sports, it is important to ensure that the lost water is replaced with some or other nutritious fluid or water itself.
Other possible causes of dehydration are diarrhea, vomiting, fever, excessive sweating, burns and frequent urination. A severe attack of diarrhea results in tremendous loss of water and other essential electrolytes within a very short period of time. The condition is worsened if diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting. Increased body temperature also makes the tender body dehydrated. Fever makes a child tired as the loss of body fluids is more.
Naturally, as we sweat our body is losing water content. So, during hot weather early signs of dehydration such as heavy sweating should be immediately taken care of. A person who is suffering from uncontrolled diabetes mellitus is also likely to experience severe thirst. Another type of diabetes, diabetes insipid us, is also characterized by increased thirst and frequent urination. People with severe burn injuries also suffer from profound fluid loss. However, the resultant dehydration is considered to be the life-threatening of all.