A rash, in simple terms, is a reaction of the skin. It can be resulted by many external and internal factors. A drug reaction, an infection, or an allergic reaction can all lead to rashes. In most cases, it is the associated symptom that helps in making a precise diagnosis of the disorder.
Rashes that are caused by viruses generally do not cause harm to the child. Such rashes fade away over time without any treatment. However, some other childhood rashes might result in more serious irregularities. Whenever you are in doubt regarding a particular rash, it is advisable to consult a doctor immediately.
A virus called varicella-zoster causes chicken pox. The symptoms of chickenpox include very itchy rashes, which first appears on the scalp, armpits, or groin area. Slowly the rashes progresses and the entire body get affected. The rash gets initially identified as an area of redness with a small, superficial blister in the center. The blister gradually ruptures and the lesion will form a crust.
Fever, malaise, sore throat, and red eyes are also found in some children.
Chickenpox might result in serious consequences in people with weak immune systems such as newborns, people on chemotherapy for cancer, people taking steroids, pregnant women, or those infected with HIV. An effective vaccination taken after the child turns one year will prevent chicken pox.
The disease called measles usually begins with nasal congestion, eye redness, swelling and tearing, cough, lethargy, and high fever. It is only on the third or the fourth day of the illness that the child develops a red rash on the face. Within no time, it will spread all over the body. The trashes will usually stay on the body for a week or so. In some children, white spots are found on the gums inside the mouth. The vaccination against measles is part of the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine.