The term vagina refers to all the female external genital organs. It covers different parts such as the vulva, which includes the labia, clitoris, and entrance to the vagina. Vaginal pain, in most cases, is due to infection. Vaginal pain that occurs while engaged in sexual intercourse is called as dyspareunia. If due to any infection, the pain is referred to as vaginitis.
Yeast infection is found to be the most common form of vaginitis. Women who take antibiotics or cortisone medications and those who are pregnant are found to be more prone to this disorder. Yeast infection s generally occurs when a woman’s immune system is suppressed by medications or disease.
Some of the other causes of vaginal pain include Bacterial Vaginosis, Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts (HPV),Lichen Planus, Sjogren’s Syndrome etc. Some women experience severe pain in the vaginal region as they near the menopause stage.
Vaginal pain is also experienced during vaginal manipulation or sexual intercourse. The causes of vaginal pain are broadly classified as organic, due to some medical condition or due to psychological problems. Medical conditions that result in vaginal pain include chronic diseases, breast cancer, and medications for certain other ailments.
Psychological cause of vaginal distress is mainly linked with sexual abuse. Pregnancy and the resultant hormonal fluctuations such as minimized estrogen level are also likely to make a significant negative impact on sexual activity and satisfaction. Sexual relationships during the pregnant periods are also likely to lead to vaginal pain.
Vaginal pain that occurs as part of sexual intercourse is generally caused either due to friction or due to some lubrication problems. Arousal disorders can also lead to severe vaginal pain. Pelvic diseases or inefficient pelvic relaxation is yet another cause. A precise diagnosis of the particular cause of pain is necessary to provide the right medication. A thorough physical examination along with the patient’s history helps the doctor in getting a clearer picture of the patient’s condition.