All of us are sure to have experienced headaches at some time or other. Though not life-threatening in itself, headaches can be extremely devastating. Majority of headaches fall under three categories, namely, tension-related headaches migraine headaches, and cluster headaches. However, it should be kept in mind that headaches may be resulted from other causes as well.
Tension-type is found to be the most common of all headaches. Symptoms of tension type headaches include tightened feeling at the sides of the head or neck, steady pain that does not throb. In this case, external activities will not increase the pain. Tenderness in the muscles of the head, neck, or shoulders is also experienced.
Migraine is the second most common type of headaches. In most cases, migraine attacks happen early in the morning. The migraine pain intensifies with the passage of time. During the initial stages, you will be able to tolerate it, but gradually the situation worsens and pain becomes unbearable. During the times of heightened pain, throbbing sensation is felt. The pain caused by migraine headaches is typically dull and deep. The pain increases when the head is moved. Sneezing, straining and constant motion also worsens the situation. The duration of migraine attack might last up to seventy-two hours. Migraine headaches are mostly accompanied by other disorders such as nasal stuffiness, nausea and vomiting, changed skin tone etc.
Cluster headaches are harsh and debilitating headaches that occur periodically. They disturb the person frequently for weeks to months at a time. However, a period of severe headache will be followed by periods with no headache. This kind of headaches is least common and it is found to affect men more than women. In this case, the pain starts quickly without any particular reason and gets intensified within a few minutes. The headache is usually deep, incessant, and explosive in nature. The pain typically starts near the temple. Generally, the pain is always on one side of the head during a single cluster.