The earliest record of employing music for purposes other than entertainment dates back to 550 B.C. Pythagoras knew about the immense possibilities of music as a therapy. Modern science has proved that music has multiple positive effects on the foetus inside a pregnant mother. It is now stated that music can effectively bring down the rate of premature births. Music has a powerful anti-stress effect on pregnant women. Exposing women to soothing musical notes before caesarean section is found to be extremely beneficial. Using music therapy as an alternative can make a drastic reduction in the administered doss of painkillers. Thus the negative pharmacological load to the embryo gets reduced. Optimal conditions required for pregnancy are provided by music. The process of labour becomes more natural and delivery gets non-problematic by the soothing effect slow paced musical notes. In short, music makes motherhood a much more safer and happier experience.
However, there is no clear evidence to prove that mental development of the foetus get enhanced if it is exposed to music. Embryos can certainly hear and respond to sound by moving. But scientists are on two grounds regarding what these movements actually mean. The difficulty in observing an embryo stands as the main obstacle in further research in this regard. Studies have proved that exposing music to kids below the age of four can develop their mental skills and other comprehension abilities. Certain studies show that exposure to music while inside the womb can make kids smarter. It is also argued that newborns can easily recognize the music that their parents exposed them to when inside the womb. However, these conclusions lack substantial evidence. It is true that music can stimulate the foetus. But, beyond that we are not equipped enough with facts and findings to make authentic conclusions. Another anecdotic belief is that foetuses breathe in time to the rhythm of the music they enjoy. This is also not approved by the world of science.