Gout can be defined as a condition that is caused by the buildup of uric acid in the body, especially the joints. The condition results from an abnormal high blood level of uric acid that happens when the liver manufactures more uric acid than the body can excrete by the urine.
This could also be due to eating too much diet having high content of it such as red meats, cream sauces, red wines. They all produce more uric acid than the kidney could filter from the blood and pass in the urine. Over the times, uric acid in the blood starts crystallizing and settling in the joint space. This ultimately causes swelling, inflammation, rigor, and pains. Gouty arthritis generally affects first to metatarsal-phalange joint of the big toe (called hallux) or the ankle joint.
Causes of gout
As said earlier, gout is caused by the buildup of uric acid in body joint. According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, about 18 per cent of people who suffer from gouty condition have some family history of the same. Diseases and conditions those increase the risks include increased blood glucose levels, overweight, renal disease, and sickle cell anemia.
Regularly consumption of alcohol also interfere with getting rid of uric acid from the body and can heighten the risks for developing gouty condition. Other risk factors are mentioned below:-
• Any exposure to lead due to any reason.
• High dietary intake of rich foods those have purine (for instance cream sauces, red meats, sards, liver, scallop)
• Medicines those may interfere with the body’s capability of removing uric acid (for instance aspirin, diuretic agents, levodopa (drug used to heal Parkinson’s disease)
• Cyclosporine medication that is for suppressing the body’s immune system and preventing rejection after any organ transplant. This increases the risks for developing gout.
Symptoms of gout
In gouty arthritis, there are sudden and severe joint pains. The pain generally begins during the night and is very intense that even lightest pressure from a bedspread is unbearable. There is joint swelling and discoloration (shiny red or purplish skin around the affected joints).
There is rapid increase in discomfort that lasts for some hours during night and then allaying during the next couple of days to one week. As the gout attack lessens, the skin around the affected joints might peel and produce itching. Herbs like Sallaki and Guggulu are said to be beneficial treating gouty arthritis.