Also termed as venereal warts, genital warts are bumps that are contracted through sexual contact. It is one of the most common kinds of sexually transmitted diseases. Certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV), causes the disorder. They can either be small and flat or large and raised. In most cases, they remain painless and are coloured almost like the flesh around.
Genital warts, if spotted in children might be a strong indication of sexual abuse. In females, venereal warts usually appear around the vaginal and anal areas. The virus makes changes in the cervix areas and might even lead to cancer if not treated at the right time. In men, they usually get spotted on the penis, scrotum, groin, or even on the thigh. In this case also penis or anal cancer is likely. In most cases, the symptoms appear only gradually and might even take years. In some people, no symptoms occur at all.
A pregnant woman who suffers from genital warts is likely to transfer it to the foetus as well. Even if no symptoms get manifested, it is important that prenatal tests are done to detect the presence of any sexually transmitted diseases.
Genital warts generally get transmitted through anal, oral or vaginal sexual contacts made with an infected person. Warts sometimes appear only months after the infection. But it is important to note that not every person infected with the virus develop genital warts.
Safe sex is the most reliable action to be taken against genital wart infection. Sexual relationship with a secure single partner minimises the risk considerably. It is also advisable to use latex condoms while engaging in sexual affair. Female condoms made of polyurethane material are also found to be effective in preventing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. But, it should be ensured that condoms are used properly and consistently. The most effective medication against genital warts is that which involves Gardasil vaccination.