Bladder stones are crystalline masses that are constituted by minerals and proteins present in urine. Compared to kidney stones, bladder stones are much rare. The stones get crystallized initially in the urinary tract before being deposited in the bladder. Initially, the stones are similar to sand grains in size. Gradually, they gather size and attain a diameter of more than an inch. Then, the stones block the flow of urine and results in pain. Difficulty in passing urine is also experienced. These stones make scratches in the inside wall of the bladder and results in bleeding and infection.
Bladder stones are generally caused as a result of infections that occur in the urinary tract. Enlargement of the prostate gland in men or the presence of foreign bodies in the urinary tract can also lead to bladder stones. Diet and fluid intake are also found to make a direct impact on the development of bladder stones.
Bladder stones are mostly found in men with inflamed prostrate gland. But some children are also found to develop this disorder. The major symptoms of bladder stone include abnormally dark colored urine, blood in the urine, difficulty in urinating, frequent urge to urinate, pain in the lower abdomen, discomfort in the penis etc. Inability to control urination is also found in some people.
The diagnosis of bladder stones usually includes a rectal examination. This is done to check whether the prostate gland has become enlarged. Urine tests are also done in order to determine urinary tract infection. In some cases, bladder or pelvic x rays are also done. X-rays easily detect larger stones that are likely to cause trouble. Most of the bladder stones get removed from the body through urine. If yours is a minor case, you will be advised to increase the daily fluid intake to eight ounces per day. A rise in the urinary output will naturally remove smaller bladder stones from the body.