Chlamydia infection is a commonly found sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is a major infectious cause that affects human genitals and eyes. It has been calculated that in the United States alone, more than two million individuals are affected by this disorder.
Chlamydia trachomatis gets transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. An infected mother can also pass the infection to the baby. However, in most women who suffer from a Chlamydia infection at the neck of their womb does not find any symptoms being expressed on their body. That is why Chlamydia is often referred to as a “Silent Epidemic”. In men, Chlamydia infection results in a white discharge from the penis. Some men experience slight pain while passing urine.
However, the situation worsens as the infection spreads further. In women, the infection slowly spreads to the upper genital tract and causes pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease results in scarring inside the reproductive organs. Serious complications including chronic pelvic pain, infertility and tubular pregnancy are also likely. In women, Chlamydial cervicitis is characterized by mucopurulent cervical discharge, erythema, and inflammation. Moreover, studies indicate that women who are infected with chlamydia are up to five times more prone to be infected with Human Immuno Virus, if ever exposed.
In men, when the infection reaches epididymis, a disorder called epididymitis is resulted. It should be ensured that adequate care is taken in order to treat the infection. In advanced stages, an infected man might suffer from swollen or tender testicles. He is also likely to develop fever.
If not treated, Chlamydia infection results in chronic reproductive and other health problems which might have enduring consequences. Chlamydia can be brought under control by treating with antibiotics.
The major symptoms of Chlamydia infection include unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge, pain in the abdomen, pain during sexual intercourse, fever, urge to urinate more frequently than usual etc.