Sinus infections are increasingly becoming common. Sinus attacks are resulted from infection in the cavities found in the bones adjacent to the nose. Any swelling in these cavities result in infection and breathing becomes troublesome. Though severe headache is the most commonly found symptom, in some people it might cause fever as well. The discomforts caused by sinus attacks are collectively called as sinusitis.
The purpose of sinus cavity is to allow free passage of air and mucus. A fragile mucous membrane connects each sinus cavity to the other. Certain diseases like hay fever or asthma can result in the inflammation of this membrane. As the membrane get inflamed, free passage of air and mucus gets inhibited. As air and mucus are blocked, a vacuum is created. This vacuum exerts pressure on the sinus walls and the person experience severe pain. The general symptoms of sinus blockage include runny nose, headaches, ear, neck, cheek or jaw pain, swelling of eyelids, etc. In extreme cases, sinus infections might also lead to irregularities in the brain.
Prolonged treatments are prescribed for acute cases of sinusitis. Medications include both antibiotics and therapies such as saline nasal rinses, topical/oral decongestants, intranasal corticosteroids and antihistamines.
Certain home remedies are also practised widely for immediate relief from sinusitis. Inhalation of medicinal steam from a vaporizer is found to be of great relief. Pain will also subside if a hot or cold compress is applied on the inflamed area. Never forget to drink lots of water and other fluids. If even minor irritation persists, it is always wise to consult a specialist doctor. Proper medication alone can help in providing enduring relief by aiding the body to get rid of pathogens. Pathogens should be avoided as fast as possible as they are likely to multiply within the sinus and cause more troubles. Pathogens are effectively flushed out of the sinus by applying saline solutions before the condition worsens. This process is termed as nasal irrigation.