Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)

Rheumatoid relates to diseases that affect tendons, joints, bones, muscles and nerves. Arthritis is the inflammation of synovial membrane which is found lining the knee and knuckle joints. Arthritis is characterised by severe joint pain as joints become stiff and swollen.

We all tend to associate the word ‘Arthritis‘ with old age. Here is bad news for those youngsters who skip write-ups on arthritis in their usual ‘not for me’ style.Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is the commonest form of arthritis that is spotted in kids below the age of sixteen. A child is prone to this arthritic kind even at the young age of two. JRA can even spread to body parts other than joints such as liver, heart lungs and eyes. This disease is considered as a chronic one as it can last for years.However, in certain cases the symptoms of JRA just fade away leaving no permanent damage to joints. This condition is termed as remission.Oligoarticular JRA, Polyarticular JRA and Systemic JRA are the three main types of Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Oligoarticular JRA involves fewer number of affected joints. However, in this case large joints such as knees are commonly affected. Oligoarticular JRA attacks children between the age of two and five.

As its prefix ‘poly’ indicates, Polyarticular JRA affects more than five joints, usually smaller joints such as fingers, neck, ankles etc. It usually makes its presence known in the same joints on both sides of our body. Systemic JRA is that kind of arthritis which affects both joints and internal organs.This is the rarest of the three forms of arthritis and its early signs include rash, chills and fever that can go upto a temperature of 103 degree farenheit.The worst part is that in certain cases arthritis can cripple a person’s movements permanently.



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