Mushrooms can be explained as fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting bodies of a fungus that is usually seen above ground on soil or above its food source. White button mushroom is the most commonly mushroom variety. Described as ‘nature’s umbrellas’, they are storehouses of many vital nutrients and minerals. But, it should always be kept in mind that not all of them are safe to eat. However, almost all the edible varieties of mushrooms are found to be high in their selenium content. . Portabellas and white mushrooms actually top the list of selenium sources. That is why a serving of mushroom is made compulsory in the diet of cancer patients. It is found to be especially beneficial in fighting prostrate cancer.
Recent research point out that as they age, men are likely to suffer from a drop in their blood selenium levels. It is suggested that victuals such as mushrooms should be included in their daily diet
Mushrooms are abundant in three vital B complex vitamins, namely, riboflavin, niacin and pantothenic acid. Portabella mushrooms are found to be particularly rich source of riboflavin. A mere one serving of white mushroom is enough to meet our body’s daily requirement of these nutrients. Niacin, another B vitamin found in mushrooms, promotes the functioning of the digestive and nervous systems.
Mushrooms are also rich in mineral salts such as potassium. Mushroom thereby, effectively regulates the blood pressure level and maintains the right balance of water in fat and muscle tissues. Proper functioning of cells is also ensured by a daily intake of mushroom dishes. Studies indicate that three ounces of portabella mushroom cap is able to provide the body with more potassium than what is provided by a banana or an orange.
Mushrooms form a favourite part of the diet prescribed for obese people. Five medium mushrooms supply only twenty calories. It also provides three grams of carbohydrate and is almost fat free.