Testosterone is the name given to an androgenic hormone that is mainly produced by the testes. This hormone is responsible for the development of secondary sex characteristics in men.In women also, this hormone gets produced in minimal quantities. The excessive production of testosterone in women results in baldness, deepened voice, and menstrual irregularities. Weight lifters, body-builders and other professional athletes are increasingly using synthetic testosterone and other anabolic steroids in order to boost their ability and overall performance.level.
However, the deficiency or over production of testosterone in men leads to many irregularities. Artificial testosterone is administered on HIV-patients for regulating their body weight.
Testosterone deficiency makes a man lose interest in sex. Together with lowered sex drive, general fatigue is also experienced. Liver damage is yet another serious consequence of the over usage of testosterone. Male body decreases the testicular function once it crosses the age of thirty. Supplementation of this hormone adversely affects the body’s natural capacity to produce testosterone.
Other commonly found side effects include vomiting, nausea, swelling of the arms and legs, prolonged and aching erections, yellowing of the skin and eyes etc. Excessive use of artificial testosterone also causes grave allergic reactions and as a result breathing trouble is experienced. Swelling of the tongue, lips, or face are also found in some cases. If used in higher doses testosterone is also likely to result in shrinking of testicles. Some regular users of testosterone are found to develop sleep apnoea. Sleep apnoea is the condition in which a person abruptly stops breathing while sleeping.
Other side effects of lesser intensity include acne, decreased sperm production in men, clitoral enlargement, baldness, and water retention. However, many of these symptoms are common to other disorders as well. So it is advisable to consult a specialist doctor before reaching a conclusion. The companies who make prescription testosterone often warn that patients who use it should report to a doctor immediately in case of any side effect.