Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a relatively ‘redundant’ method of assisted conception. In this technique, a prepared sperm gets introduced into the womb at around the time of ovulation. Thus, the sperm is brought near to the egg, artificially. However, on the basis of the range of fertility, drugs are sometimes administered along with artificial insemination. In such cases, there is an increased risk for multiple pregnancies. The success rate of intrauterine insemination, which is administered together with fertility drugs, is about 15 per cent per cycle.
This is the first option of assisted pregnancy that is suggested in cases of “unexplained infertility“.
If you happen to be a couple with unexplained infertility, doctors insert sperm within a larger fluid volume than that used in the ordinary case. Thus, the sperm cell wash up into the fallopian tubes of the spouse more smoothly and effectively. This technique takes a few minutes more than the regular and is known as “fallopian sperm perfusion”. This method is extremely popular in treating unexplained fertility.
Intrauterine insemination is usually done in such cases where infertility is due to diminished sperm count. It is also done if the sperm cells suffer from poor motility. Intrauterine insemination will be successful if there are adequate numbers of healthy sperm cells. However, the criteria set for quality determination of sperm cells vary from clinic to clinic.
Since the sperm cells get placed within the uterus directly, this method is opted by those couples who can not have fruitful intercourse due to reasons such as injury or premature ejaculation. Doctors administer intrauterine insemination in women who suffer from mild endometriosis.
Even those women without a partner can make use of intrauterine insemination if they wish to mother a biological child. In such cases, women can make use of sperm cells donated by clinics.
It is also recommended for women who fail to deliver a child due to mild endometriosis.