Lordosis is a spine disorder commonly found in children. It is characterised by a curvature in the lower back area. Instead of the normal straight appearance of the vertebra lordosis gives the child a “swayback” appearance, when viewed from back. The root cause of this disorder still remains unknown. The main symptom of lordosis is a poor vertebral posture. The prominence of buttocks is another feature. However, the symptoms of lordosis differ from person to person. Lordosis also occurs with other disorders such as developmental dysplasia of the hip, muscular dystrophy and neuromuscular problems. However, proper diagnosis by an expert specialist is extremely necessary. This is because the symptoms of lordosis are quite similar to those of other spinal irregularities or vertebral injuries. Apart from congenital reasons, lordosis can also occur due to back surgery, neuromuscular disorders or hip problems.
Diagnostic procedures of this disorder include x-rays, bone scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography scan (CT Scan) and blood tests. Early identification of lordosis is extremely important for its effective treatment. The age of the child, his or her overall health, medical history, any previous lordosis occurrence in the family, the extent of remaining skeletal growth etc are all considered before the treatment is prescribed. The affected child’s tolerance to specific therapies and medications along with the severity of the disorder are the other factors taken into consideration while prescribing medication.
Through the treatment, the progression of the skeletal curve is checked in order to prevent the deformity. Those vertebral irregularities caused as a result of hip problem are treated separately and not as a case of lordosis. Certain exercise patterns are also prescribed as part of the treatment. Frequent monitoring of the vertebra by the physician is essential in order to ensure the proper development of skeletal growth.