Breast cancer is the most commonly found type of cancer in women. It is actually the second major reason for cancer deaths among the women in the United States. Breast cancers are usually considered as the result of a lump like abnormality on a mammogram. However, though rarely cited as a reason, inconsistencies of the breast tissue can also be a warning signal. It is a good sign that there is an increased awareness among women on the risk posed by breast cancer. More and more women are getting subjected to mammography for screening. As a result of this, breast cancer now gets detected at its initial stages itself. This has ultimately resulted in a drastic rise in the survival rates. Statistics reveal that the death rate due to breast cancer has come down considerably to 20 per cent over the last ten years, thanks to its early detection procedures. It deserves mention that one percent of all cancer deaths in men are also due to breast cancer.
Research shows that majority of women affected by breast cancer are between the age group of 45 and 55. The particular type of cancer and the extent to which it has spread decides the mode of treatment. Apart from surgical removal, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy are the main treatment options of breast cancer. Genetic and hormonal factors are said to be the primary reasons for the disorder.
A woman can suspect to be in the risk zone if she finds a lump or thickening in or near the breast area. It can even be found in the armpit. Changes can also be noted in the shape and size of the breast. Nipple turned inward into the breast is another noticeable change. The skin, areola or even the nipple might turn red and swollen. Early symptoms of breast cancer are not usually painful. So a woman should be careful enough to note such early symptoms and should bring them under proper care.