Psoriatic arthritis, as the term suggests, is a type of arthritis that is linked with psoriasis (it is chronic skin condition that features reddened scaly rash and thick, brittle fingernails. The condition is quite similar to that of rheumatoid arthritis as far as symptoms are concerned. Features such as joint swelling and restricted movements are common. Nevertheless, psoriatic arthritis inclines to target fewer joints as compared to rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, this does not produce any rheumatoid arthritis antibody anywhere.
The arthritis linked with psoriatic arthritis is of five different forms mentioned below:-
1. Symmetrical polyarthritis that is quite common as rheumatoid arthritis
2. Arthritis mutilans that is a rare arthritis destroying and deforming the joints
3. Psoriatic spondylitis that affects sacroiliac sac including the spine
4. Arthritis that catches the small joints of the fingers and/or toes
5. Asymmetrical arthritis that affects the joints in the extremities
The causative factors of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are not known. Some doctors say that it could be partly inherited and environs also play a role giving rise to this condition. The disease can be diagnosed using some modern tools such as X-rays, blood test and joint fluid test etc. However, medical history and local examination also play significant role diagnosing the disease.
The treatment for this condition includes treating both the skin problem and the joint inflammation. Some of the medicines used to treat rheumatoid arthritis can also be prescribed treating psoriatic arthritis that includes the following:
• Slow-acting medicines (to slower down the bone deformation)
• immunosuppressive medicines like methotrexate (for suppressing inflammation)
Other remedies may include:
• NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
• Corticosteroids (for reducing inflammation)
• Exercises particularly yoga.