Hemorrhoids are generally referred to as “piles”. This is a disorder that is characterized by dilated veins in the rectum and anal areas. The increased pressure to which the rectal veins are exposed generally causes this irregularity.
Hemorrhoids involve those blood vessels that line the anus. When the pressure on the rectal walls increases, the muscles that support the hemorrhoid vessels get weakened.
Then these muscles lose their support and as a result attain a sac-like protrusion within the rectal canal or under the skin around the anus. If the protrusion is caused within the rectal canal, the condition is termed as internal hemorrhoids External hemorrhoids relates to the protrusion caused around the anal region.
If the internal hemorrhoids push out through the anus, prolapsed hemorrhoid is resulted. Though people of all age groups are likely to develop hemorrhoids, it is more commonly found during the advancing age.
Pregnant women and women who have had children are found to be more prone to develop piles. Some of the most common causes of hemorrhoids include constipation, prolonged sitting, pregnancy, eating a low-fiber diet, diarrhea, coughing, sneezing, vomiting, overweight, liver cirrhosis, weight lifting, rectal or anal infection etc.
The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids include traces of blood in the stool or on the toilet paper after wiping, incomplete bowel movements, soft lump felt at the anal opening, rectal itching etc.
However, it is important that any incidence of rectal bleeding is brought under a doctor’s notice. Bleeding from the rectum might be due to certain other body irregularities such as inflammation of the intestines, anal fissures and colorectal cancer.
It is advisable to increase the daily intake of fiber to thirty grams in order to check the occurrence of hemorrhoids. People suffering from this disorder should also ensure that they drink a minimum of eight glasses of water daily. The duration of daily physical activities should also be enhanced.