The function of testicles includes production of spermatozoa and the synthesis of the male hormone testosterone. When a boy attains puberty, his testicles increase in size. It is said that from the size of a peanut it attains the size of a walnut at the end of its developmental process. Spermatozoa and testosterone starts being produced soon after a boy attains puberty.
Shortly before birth, the testicles of a male child descend into the scrotum in most boys. Cryptorchidism is that condition in which one or both testicles have not appeared back in the scrotum. It is advisable to wait for a period of six months to one year for the testes to descend back to its position. Surgical options can be made in order to treat an ascended testicle after one year. A physician should be made to evaluate this condition, as an ascended testicle will not be able to perform its dual functions. Moreover, such a situation makes a person more prone to cancer.
The most common cause of testicular pain in adolescent males is that which is referred to as “blue balls.” This term is not a medical coinage. This disorder is characterized by some discomfort in the testes or scrotum. This is mainly experienced during times of sexual arousal. The reason for this pain is slowed venous drainage during sexual arousal. In most cases the discomfort, that can either be mild or extremely severe, get greatly reduced soon after ejaculation.
Inflammation of the entire testicle is yet another testicular disorder. This condition is medically termed as orchitis. This is generally spotted soon after a mumps virus infection. However, the frequency of this irregularity has decreased with more males receiving the mumps immunization. Teenage boys with orchitis might show symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain along with testicular swelling and pain. Rarely, high fever is also seen in such cases. Orchitis might result in contracted testicles with decreased functional ability.