Fibrosis relates to the formation of scar tissues. it can either be the after effect of some injury or long-term inflammation. The two main types of fibrosis are pulmonary fibrosis and cystic fibrosis. Pulmonary Fibrosis involves the overgrowth and hardening of the lung tissues. It mostly occurs due to the accumulation of excess collagen.
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis is found to be the most common variation of this disorder. The common symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis include falling short of breath, chronic dry cough, fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite and sudden weight loss.
Both men and women between the age group of forty and seventy are found t be the most affected lot. Generally, patients who are affected with pulmonary fibrosis live an average of six years after the diagnosis.
Cystic Fibrosis is a chronic form of this disorder that is progressive in nature. It generally occurs as a genetic disease that affects the mucus glands. The fatal symptoms include abnormal heart rhythms, malnutrition, retarded growth, frequent respiratory infections and breathing irregularities.
Cystic Fibrosis also lead to the development of other health irregularities such as sinusitis, nasal polyps, coughing up of blood, abdominal discomfort etc.
However, patients with this disorder are found to live up to a maximum period of thirty years after the diagnosis has been made.
In children, this disease is found to cause initial damage to the respiratory and digestive systems. Though the irregularities that cause fibrosis are often apparent at birth itself, rarely do these signs get manifested before adolescence.
No cure has yet been developed for this disease and most patients gradually succumb to lung failure or such other infections that affect the respiratory tract.
Majority of children with this disorder are found to live till adulthood with the support of medication. Many drugs are being tested to develop an effective cure for this fatal disease that takes away many young lives.