Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that can be fatal, if left untreated. It can even lead to HIV infection that causes AIDS. However, if diagnosed at the early stages, syphilis can be treated using antibiotics.
It being a sexually transmitted disease, it is advisable to refrain from engaging in sexual relationship with a person infected with this disease. Oral, anal and vaginal sex can lead to this irregularity. The bacteria called treponema pallidum causes syphilis. In case of lack of proper medication, syphilis often leads to impotency.
Syphilis generally gets manifested as three stages. Each stage is characterized by varying symptoms. During the initial stage of the infection, painless red sore, termed as chancre, appears in the genital areas. In most cases, it goes unnoticed. Enlarged lymph nodes are also seen in some people. Sores appear usually after two to twelve weeks of sexual contact with the infected person. Even without any treatment, these sores might disappear, but it does not mean that the person is saved. If not treated well, the infection is sure to advance to the secondary stage.
Symptoms of the secondary stage usually commence after months of chancre appearance. By this time, the infectious syphilis bacteria enter the blood stream and spreads through the body. The symptoms that appear during this stage include rashes, fever, weight loss, sore throat, muscle aches, joint pain headache, loss of appetite etc.
In some people, enlarged lymph nodes are also seen. In the secondary stage of syphilis gray or white wart-like patches appear on the skin surface. The infection also affects vital internal organs such as liver, kidneys, and eyes, or cause meningitis.
After the secondary stage, syphilis progress into its third and final stage in some people. In this case, permanent damage is done to the eyes, blood vessels, heart, bones and nerves. Symptoms of this stage also include memory loss, bladder dysfunction, mental irregularities and loss of balance.