Bleeding gums is a common disorder that affects the oral cavity. This is mainly caused by any irregularity in the soft tissues that surround the teeth. Though much advancement has been made in oral care, gum bleeding continues to be a major menace that affects dental health.
Gum disease owes its origin to the accumulation of plaque, which is the sticky film of food particles, germs and saliva that is formed on the tooth enamel. If not removed properly, plaque often settles at the gum line. The toxins produced by germs redden the gum and makes it tender. That is why the gums bleed as you brush hard.
Certain medications are also found to trigger the accumulation of plaque on the tooth surface. In case of gums, that are brushed and flossed regularly, plaque gets removed regularly leaving no scope for decay. Plaque, left on the teeth gets hardened and form tartar along the gum line. This serves as the breeding ground of infectious germs.
Gingivitis is the most common and mildest of all gum disorders.
The primary cause of gingivitis is the bacteria that thrive on the accumulated plaque. Gradually, the tissues that connect the gum to the tooth get battered.
Slowly the connection between the bone and tooth is also detached. The deep pocket formed as a consequence of this process indicates that the disease has progressed into more severe periodontitis, which is considered as an irreversible form of gum disease.
Though poor dental hygiene is found to be the root cause of gum disease, certain other factors are also considered as contributors.
These include poorly fitting dentures, leukemia, diabetes, pregnancy, dry mouth and vitamin deficiency. The major symptom of gum disorder is the appearance of blood streams from between the teeth. In most cases, eating leads to profuse blood flow. Bad breath is yet another symptom associated with gum ailments.