Literally, the term leucoderma means white skin. Often, this skin irregularity gets misinterpreted as a case of leprosy. Leucoderma is a skin disorder that is characterized by the appearance of white spots and patches. It is also known as vitiligo. Vitilgo medically refers to the white spot occurrence without any preceding disease.
People suffering from this skin disorder are found to lose their natural skin color gradually. This leads to the formation of white skin patches. The root cause behind this disorder is the loss of the skin coloring pigment melanin. The small white patches slowly spreads through out the body. However, this disorder is not a fatal one and is not contagious as well.
The actual cause behind the sudden loss of melanin remains to be known. Many studies are being undertaken on the subject. Some of the apparent causes of this skin disorder include emotional stress, hereditary factors, worms, sunburns and certain physical illness.
This skin condition is found to be aggravated as a consequence of certain other diseases such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia and Addison’s disease.
It is advisable for people who are prone to this disorder to avoid stress and relax completely. They should avoid the use of hard soaps while bathing. It is beneficial to get a sun bath early in the morning for about thirty minutes.
As part of leucoderma treatment, doctors often advise their patients to stop sodium consumption altogether. It should be ensured that sodium does not reach the body even in the form of table salt while under treatment.
Dietary changes are also required. People who are under treatment should increase their dietary intake of green leafy vegetables, beans and whole cereals. It is advisable to avoid the consumption of tamarind, citrus fruits, lobsters, crabs and prawns.
If you think you have white spots or any such skin discoloration on one or other part of the body, it is better to consult a dermatologist at the earliest.