Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that affects a woman’s reproductive organs. The course of the spread of infection is generally upward, starting from the cervix. Slowly, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other surrounding organs of the reproductive system are infected.
A bacterial infection results in inflammation. As a result of the infection, the normal tissue gets scarred and the regular passage of egg is obstructed. When the egg fails to pass normally, the woman becomes infertile. If in case, the inflammation and the resultant blockage are formed outside the uterus, ectopic pregnancy is resulted. Bacteria such as gonorrhea and chlamydiaPID are the most common causes behind pelvic inflammatory diseases.
The symptoms associated with PID vary from one woman to another. Lower abdominal pain, backache, abnormal uterine bleeding, heavy vaginal discharge, pain while urination etc are the most commonly found symptoms.
Some women, when infected fall seriously ill and suffer from heavy fever, nausea and vomiting. Some women also experience pain during sexual contact. In some others, no obvious symptoms get manifested. Thus, it becomes difficult to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease. But, it is important that extreme vigil is taken since it is estimated that more than two lakh women are affected with PID in a year. Though women belonging to all age groups are prone to the disease, those below twenty-five years of age are found to be at greater risk.
The germs that cause the disease are mainly transmitted through sexual contact. However, all bodily secretions are found to transmit pelvic inflammatory disease. If an infected woman happens to be pregnant, the risk factor increases all the more. Immediate medical aid from a gynaecologist should be ensured in such cases. If left untreated, PID might result in severe pelvic pain and scarring. Such situations are difficult to be treated and surgery will have to be done in most of the cases.