Sebaceous cysts usually make their appearance on the face, neck, and trunk. Sometimes they are found on the breasts and also on the abdominal area. Rarely do they occur on the genitalia of both women and men. Sebaceous cysts are generally painless. They can be described as slow-growing small bumps or lumps that move freely under the skin. They are sometimes referred to as epidermal cysts.
It is advisable not to attempt the removal of the substance inside it. This will only make the cyst infectious and will worsen the condition. It is actually a closed sac that contains a “pasty” or “cheesy” looking substance that is termed as keratin. The substance within is characterised by a foul odour. Sebaceous cysts are often the result of swollen hair follicles.
Signs or symptoms that are associated with sebaceous cysts include redness, tenderness and increased skin temperature over the lump. Rarely, a greyish white substance is found oozing out from the lump.
Trained eyes can easily make a precise diagnosis from the very appearance of the sebaceous cysts. In certain cases, biopsy is also suggested. Since they are not dangerous, sebaceous cysts are mostly left to disappear on their own.
But, it is important to bring it under a doctor’s notice to rule out the possibility of skin cancer. However, surgical removal of the lumps will be required if they happen to grow larger in size. Occasionally, they are found to inflamed and tender.
Infected sebaceous cysts turn into painful abscesses. It is important to ensure that the entire sac of the sebaceous cysts is surgically removed in order to prevent a recurrence. It is important to note that there have been many instances of sebaceous cyst recurrence. You should never fail to consult your doctor if you happen to notice any kind of bump or lump on any part of your body.