The term amenorrhea relates to that condition in which a woman fails to have menstrual periods. “Primary amenorrhea” occurs when a woman has never menstruated; and “secondary amenorrhea” is that situation in which a woman suddenly ceases to get her periods after having them regularly for months or sometimes, years.
If a teenager who is nearing sixteen has not yet menstruated, it is natural to get a bit anxious since most of today’s girls are getting their periods quite early. If a girl is athletic or very thin, it is normal for her to get her periods late. However, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist, as the possibility of hormonal imbalance cannot be ruled out.
A woman is likely to undergo secondary amenorrhea at some or other stage of her reproductive years.
However, a missed period should immediately remind you of the chances of being pregnant. It is important to undergo pregnancy test to be on the safer side. Obesity is yet another reason for delayed periods. If you have been under constant stress, the chances of missing your periods are on the rise.
Breast-feeding and sudden stoppage of oral contraceptives are also likely to result in amenorrhea as they lead to hormonal alterations within the female body. Skipping periods is one of the many warning signs of the onset of menopausal syndrome.
A failure of the pituitary gland that occurred as an aftereffect of the trauma undergone by the body during the time of delivery also prevents menstrual cycle from being resumed after childbirth. This condition is medically termed as postpartum pituitary necrosis.
However, it is important to keep in mind that even though you are not menstruating, your body is capable of conception if the necessary modes of contraception are not administered.