The word “rash” is a general term that relates to an outbreak of bumps on the body. Rashes make changes in the way the skin looks and feels. Rashes can either be localized to one area or else can be widespread all over the body. Scaly patches of skin might be caused by fungal or bacterial infection. Rarely, a liquid that fills the crusts formed on the skin surface is found to ooze out.
Though it is true that rashes generally do not turn dangerous, self-diagnosis is not a good approach. A healthcare professional should be consulted in order to make a precise evaluation of the skin condition. In some cases, the scaly patches might not be rooted in an infection of any sort. Scaly, itchy skin patches generally represent a skin condition called as eczema. Eczema comes and goes on its own unlike other allergic skin conditions that are formed by foods, soaps, and detergents. Changes in diet also do not affect eczema generally.
Atopic dermatitis is perhaps the most common form of eczema. “Dermatitis ” refers to skin inflammation and “atopic” relates to those diseases allergic and tend to run in families. This skin condition is generally hereditary in nature and the early symptoms can be spotted during childhood itself. As children such people will have chapped cheeks and scaly patches will be found on the scalp, arms and legs. Atopic dermatitis gradually affects the inner sides of the elbows and knees and sometimes the entire body gets victimised. However, this condition is not contagious. In some people long intervals occur between two outbreaks.
Atopic dermatitis is found to worsen during the winter months. As the air is cold and dry during this period, frequent washing is likely to irritate the skin and aggravate the situation. However, though the skin may appear to be ‘dried’, moisturising alone will not provide much relief.