Ectopic pregnancy is indeed a serious irregularity, which requires [prompt medical aid. Unlike as it happens during normal pregnancies, in ectopic pregnancy the fetus develops with the fallopian tubes. The term “ectopic” means out of place and it indicates that pregnancy is developing at some place other than the uterus.
Ectopic pregnancies are also likely to occur on other parts of the female reproductive system such as the cervix, ovary etc. However, such misplaced pregnancies are quite rare and mostly ectopic pregnancies take place within the fallopian tubes.
Ectopic pregnancy is also referred to as “tubal pregnancies.” Here, the egg is properly fertilized, but does not reach the uterus lining. On its way to the uterus, the fertilized egg gets attached to the fallopian tubes. If not properly treated at the right time, ectopic pregnancies lead to severe internal bleeding, infection and sometimes death. However, if diagnosed at the right time, effective treatment is available.
It is estimated that two out of every hundred pregnancies turn out to be ectopic.
However, studies indicate that the occurrence of such irregular pregnancies is on the rise. The most likely reason is the increased number of patients suffering from scarred fallopian tubes caused by sexually transmitted infections. Infertility treatments are also found to lead to ectopic pregnancies.
Women who have had a previous ectopic pregnancy are found to face similar trouble during their later pregnancies as well. In some cases, ectopic pregnancies are resulted by the improper placement of the egg within the fallopian tube.
Usually, the egg gets implanted within the uterus itself, but in some cases, ‘out of place’ implantation takes place.
During the early stages, ectopic pregnancies are quite similar to normal pregnancies in the manifestation of symptoms.
Just like normal pregnancy, a woman with a missed period resulted from ectopic pregnancy also experience breast tenderness, fatigue and nausea. Gradually, she experiences severe one-sided abdominal pain, muscular cramps in the tummy and spotting. If not detected, vaginal bleeding is also likely.