Ovulation is a phase that occurs as part of the menstrual cycle. It is during this stage that the female body releases the egg meant for fertilization. A series of signals are transmitted through the body during the ovulation period in order to regulate the level of oestrogen. It is the luteinizing hormone that helps in ovulation. When the surge of this hormone attains a particular level, the ovaries are stimulated to release an egg. As soon as its release, the egg will start its journey to reach the uterus walls. The course of travel is through the fallopian tubes.
It is indeed hard to predict the precise period of a woman’s ovulation. Each woman’s menstrual cycle is different and even in the same woman; the period of ovulation might vary from one month to another. However, it is generally calculated that a woman’s cycle needs twenty-eight days to be completed. It might vary from twenty one to thirty five days.
Generally, ovulation occurs within the body around two weeks before menstruation. This might also vary since only a very few women ovulate systematically. Women with irregular periods do not ovulate at all in certain months.
A precise knowledge regarding your ovulation period helps you in gaining better control over your own fertility. Ovulation period is the most fertile period of the month. Women who are trying to get pregnant need to time their intercourse during their ovulation days, in order to increase their chance of conception.
Women who are sexually active, but do not want to conceive should take necessary contraceptive precautions to minimise chances of pregnancy. However, our body gives off only subtle signals of fertility. However, during the period of ovulation, women are likely to experience tenderness in breasts, abdominal pain termed as ‘Mittelschmerz’, increased basal temperature, slight changes in the appearance of cervical mucus etc. Changes in the size and shape of cervix are also experienced during ovulation period.