What is polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovaries are indeed an extremely common irregularity faced by women. It is estimated that about twenty three percent of adult women experience this trouble. This is the condition in which ovaries develop more follicles than what is normally needed during every month. In normal cases, nearly five follicles get matured during each menstrual cycle and at least one follicle releases a mature egg during the time of ovulation.

But in a woman with a polycystic ovary almost double the normal number of follicles gets matured. Though these follicles get ripened no egg is released. When certain other symptoms are also exhibited by the female body with polycystic ovaries, that situation is termed as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This syndrome is commonly resulted by hormonal imbalances. In a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome, ovulation tends to be extremely irregular during the reproductive years of her life.

The root cause behind the abnormal behavior of follicles is yet to be known. However, it has been widely believed that body’s resistance to the hormone insulin results in this syndrome. The excess insulin in the body disturbs the rhythm of the menstrual cycle. Hereditary causes are also found to result in polycystic ovary syndrome.

The early symptoms of this syndrome include irregular periods immediately after the commencement of menstruation. When the menstrual bleeding does finally happen, the flow is either too light or too heavy. Excessive hair growth on the face, chest and abdomen are seen in women suffering from this syndrome. They are also likely to suffer from problems related to over weight. In some women with polycystic ovaries, menstrual cycle does not get initiated at all.

Women who have high blood pressure and cholesterol levels are increasingly under the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome. This syndrome brings down the chances of a woman to get pregnant in the natural course, as she is likely to be infertile. Blood tests to check hormone levels together with
ultrasound scanning help in the diagnosis of polycystic ovaries.

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